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54                                         FLORA   1NDICA.
While the botany of continental India has advanced thus
rapidly, equal progress has been made in the Dutch posses-
sions by the indefatigable exertions of a succession of distin-
guished botanists. One of the earliest in the field, though
the extent of his labours is unfortunately but little known,
was Dr.- Horsficld, whose researches in Java and the neigh-
bouring islands began in 1802, and were continued till 18JJ).
During that time he collected upwards of two thousand spe-
cies, the most curious and interesting of which have been
published by Messrs. Brown and Bennett, in the ( Plantic Ja-
vanicae rariores/ one of the most profound and accurate bo-
tanical works of the day, and one most important for the In-
dian botanist to study with attention.
Professor Blumc, whose extraordinary labours have long
since placod him at the head of Malayan botanists, was ori-
ginally a student of medicine and zoology, and directed his
attention to botany in the prosecution of his pharmaceutical
studies. The remarkable novelty aiul curious forms of vege-
tation with which he was surrounded in Java, effectually di-
verted his attention from his original pursuits; and he under-
took a botanical tour in that island in 1823, 1852-1', provided
with an unusually large staff of collectors and artists; and iu
1825 he commenced the 'Bijdragen tot de Flora van Neder-
landsch Indie/ an octavo work, containing descriptions of an
immense number of new genera and species of Javanese and
other insular plants. Though very incomplete in its ycope,
and written in great ignorance of the labours of others, and
of the necessity of detailed descriptions, this is iu many re-
spects a remarkable book, evincing a capacity for scientific
botany, such as has been displayed -by few at so early an age
and under so great disadvantages.
On his return to Holland, Professor Blume commenced his
magnificent publications on the plants of Java and others of
the Malayan Islands, all of which are indispensable to the
Indian botanist; very many species, and nearly all the ge-
nera of these islands, being also common to the Malayan